Olaf Stapledon: Last and First Men



Put away the punch and slam the door in my faceIn this book Stapledon pour yourself a strong one for this tells the future history of 18 consecutive species of hominids over the course of 2 billion years Just for reference 2 billion years ago the planets in our solar system had only finished clumping together into of less cohesive balls of rock Things get trippySo you start reading and initially you follow along sure 400 years in the future I get that Then it s 1000 years still with you But then suddenly humanity blows itself up in a worldwide nuclear disaster and we slump into the first of many Dark Ages for wait what s that 10 million yearsThis guy gets space It s huge and slow and mostly uninteresting For most of the book s time span humanity s not up to anything too exciting we re portrayed as just another part of nature blindly evolving ever adapting who every once in a while gets lucky and makes some dazzlingly fast technological leap You now like the actual history of humanity so far In a way he s sketching his vision This is truly an astounding novel Its ambition is to tell the story of humankind from the near future to the end of our species some two billion years into the future The beginning of this book can be easily skipped since it s an outdated projection of historical events from the time when Stapledon was writing around the 1930s However his fertile imagination truly takes flight when he imagines the distant future of humanityThe narrator of this chronicle is one of the last men who sends his account back to us over the millions of centuries through the writing of Stapledon And this is what this far descendant of our time reveals across the aeons the human race takes various shapes the book describes seventeen races or stages some races of men evolve to higher levels of consciousness some fall back to animality men meet with the inhabitants of Mars which are made of gas but worship gems some species of men are only made of brain cells that grow inside iron towers and are served by lower inds of men later on the human species needs to leave the Earth and conuer Venus where they live in the atmosphere flying in utter bliss and feeling depressed when back on their two feet later still men migrate to Neptune to escape the slow senescence of the Sun and acuire a circular and stereoscopic vision of the heavens as well as the ability to think and sense as a whole species and even the power to influence the past Until finally the human race reaches its tragic endingThis whole voyage is in a way similar to that of Stapledon s later novel Star Maker but instead of travelling in the farthest realms of space this is a trip into the furthest reaches of time In this sense Last and First Men is a grandiose elaboration on HG Wells Time Machine Dante also came to my mind when reading this book as in the Divine Comedy we witness successive states of humanity without much lingering over the fates of individuals which makes the reading at times a bit tedious since there are no characters or dialogues to hold on to The very last part is perhaps the most beautiful and moving humans at last have reached an understanding of the Universe that opens spectacular vistas into the cosmos And this sadly is their swansong 40 stars WOW this book is in a class all by itself for originality imagination and scope I can not believe I have not heard about this book as being one of the true classics of science fiction Written in the 1930 s this is a future history that tells the story of mankind over a span of 2 billion years yes billion with a B from 1930 until approximately the year 2000000000 During that period humanity evolves through what Olaf describes as 18 different species of men our present being the First Men of the title Through those 18 iterations we see everything from giant brained superminds to genetically engineered supermen to auatic fishmen and much much The reason that the book for all its amazing inventiveness does not get 5 stars is because the narrative at times can be very very dry The detailed descriptions of each successive species of humanity and the trials and tribulations that befall them can become a bit tedious Thus there were times when I was not enjoying myself as much as I would have liked despite being in almost constant awe of the writer s imangination However despite that crticism this is a book that I strongly recommend to all fans of science fiction as many of the ideas and concepts found in modern science fiction found their first true expression in this amazing futrue history HIGHLY RECOMMENDED It s really hard to describe this novel in a way that can do it justice because any cursory explanation such as plotless and characterless has some rather negative connotations Indeed it s inda impossible to have those here except in brief glances relying on bird s eye views before necessarily jumping on to the next BIG IDEA and Super Imaginative settingFor what we have here way back in 1930 is novel of Future History influencing every big SF author of the day even influencing Winston Churchill HG Wells Arthur C Clarke and countless SF writers ever sinceWhy Let me do this uick Eighteen iterations of mankind over a billion years from the total death of our mankind the evolutionary re emergence of the next the differences oddities rediscoveries after soooo much time the new dreams aspirations religions the different values before the next mankind dies off We have Martian invasion we have our invasion of Venus we have major genetic modifications telepathy during other iterations the ability to experience racial memory a la Dune adding multiple sexes immortality living in gas giants and sometimes merely striving only to improve the human race Over a billion years And of course whole races die Over and overIt s grand majestic awe some and brilliantSo much imagination is crammed into so few pages that a prospective SF author could just pour through this and continue to point at reused story ideas for even current day authors I look at the nuclear powered version of life on Venus the intelligent clouds of Mars the huge brains the musical race the race of time travelers and my jaw just drops It s not without emotion either There s a deep an abiding love for everyone here even as a whole race suffers deep ennui and an existential crisis or during others that suffer impossible odds accidents or the final death of our solar system The philosophies give it away The spirit of the human races rise and ebb and undergo vast changesAnd yet there s no characters or plot Just setting and world building and vast movements of so many people It would never get published today And yet it s still brilliant Absolutely worth Letting it Go knowing even now It makes me wonder what we re collectively doing We can t forget that works like this EXIST Rating 12 of fiveI cried uncle on p59 of this book which was part of a group read on LibraryThing it was written in 1930 or so it s true but nothing as ephemeral as passing time can excuse the lineA century after the founding of the first world state a rumour began to be heard in China about the supreme secret of scientific religion the awful mystery of Gordelpus by means of which it should be possible to utilize the energy locked up in the opposition of proton and electronbuzz you re out Dr Stapledon and thanks for playing our game This is supposedly a novel Thatind of snore inducing prose is not even excusable in a textbook though it is explainable there in a novel an entertainment this tone is just about as far off the mark as any I can imagine I can t fairly comment on the plot since there isn t any that I can discern The story unfolds as a being from our remote future lectures us on what we did wrong with special emphasis on the horrors of America oof how very outmoded that sounds and China as co controllers of civilizationNow I can t fault Dr Stapledon for prescience since he pegged the two dominant countries of the future so solidly but there are no characters to make us care about the story and there are no passages of graceful prose to make us forgive the lack of characters All in all even given that I was skimming most of the book it was a waste of a lovely Sunday afternoo. Idence comes along uand l'evidence FIRST and LAST Variables in SAS How to Select Variables to identify the first and last observations in a group SAS places FIRST and LAST Variable in SAS Program Data Vector PDV Then they are available for DATA step processing but SAS does not add them to the output data set as they are temporary in nature Explore the concept – SAS Macro For Beginners How FIRST and LAST Variables Works When an observation is the first in a BY SAS First and Last Variables Note FIRSTLAST variables are temporary variables That means they are not visible in the newly created data set To make them visible we need to create two new variables In the program above i have created FirstID and LastID variables SAS FIRST vs LAST Variables How it works FIRSTvariable when an observation is the first observation in each group values of variable ID The FIRST and LAST functions in Oracle SL I have to say that I don’t really The One Who Stays (Summer Island, know why Oracle calls FIRST and LAST as functions As you just saw LAST is just that word at the end of line inside all that construct You cannot pass any parameter to it and it does always the same thing which is defining that the rows that are to beept are the ones that rank LAST It doesn’t return anything by itself It is just a part of the How to use FIRSTvariable and LASTvariable in a Use FIRST and LAST variables to compute duration of treatment Another common use of the FIRSTvariable and LASTvariable indicator variables is to determine the length of time between a patient's first visit and his last visit Consider the following DATA step which defines the dates and weights for four male patients who visited a clinic Matthew But many who are first will be last So the last shall be first and the first last for many be called but few chosen Matthew Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him The first Jesus saith unto them Verily I say unto you That the publicans and the harlots go into the ingdom of God before you Lexicon But δὲ de Conjunction Strong's Greek A primary particle; but and etc m List of Random Names About This application generates endless uniue first and last names uickly This valuable tool is a “must have” for Writers use it to create character names; Expectant parents use it to pick baby names; Website registrants use it create an alternate identity; I originally wrote this application to generate lists of random names to populate a test database with ’s of users.

Olaf Stapledon Ò 8 Download

epub free Last and First Men – jimmychooshoes.us

Exploratory awe inspiring existential crisis inducingI have never read anything like this This is a documentary of humanity s career spanning from us homo sapiens to the last of its descendants some two billion years later Actually I had to refer to the wiki to write this review because for the love of god I cannot remember every single descendent of men there are a lot of details in this giant book It s a great summary for those who want to collect their thoughts after reading the book which I guarantee you will Don t read the wiki if you haven t finished the book I think it takes away the magic My god Stapledon s imagination nows no bounds I have not read something so bold so richly descriptive and so imaginative before He has imagined some descendants that are truly vastly different from the First Men but has somehow managed to retain in them a piece of humanity that all of us can resonate with The striving to be better intelligent the race to cheat death and discover immortality the deep need for exploration In the end all humans were selfish and cruel they were great in their achievements by working as a collective they were astoundingly short sighted in the way they treat each other they were capable of grand plans spanning thousands of years Is the beauty of the Whole really enhanced by our agony And is the Whole really beautiful And what is beauty This might not be everyone s cup of tea There is no plot no characters no reason to get invested in the story other than being human and for me personally the insatiable urge to now how we will fare 2 billion years into the future This is a philosophical experience The story presents you with facts accounts of the different morals cultures and ways of life of the descendants and it allows you to draw upon similarities or differences in your own experience as First Men for reflection on these things I once again am made aware of how immersed I am in my own experience in the reality I think of as absolute truth that I am stunted any time I try to imagine otherwise This book is a needle that bursts your reality bubble The universe is a sandbox full of all sorts of possibilities Man himself at the very least is music a brave theme that makes music also of its vast accompaniment its matrix of storms and stars Man himself in his degree is eternally a beauty in the eternal form of things It is very good to have been man And so we may go forward together with laughter in our hearts and peace thankful for the past and for our own courage For we shall make after all a fair conclusion to this brief music that is man I actually had to read this book in two parts about 6 months apart because of its sheer volume and overwhelming information It was totally worth it In fact I m going to buy a physical copy to put on my shelf that I can thumb through because there are so many inspiring bits in the book that I foresee I will need certain days Seriously my review can t capture the magnificence of the thing Neither does the star system It s a piece of art in its own way Last and First Men The ultimate vision of man s evolutionPosted at Fantasy LiteratureOlaf Stapledon s vision of mankind s entire future history until the end is profound beautiful and affecting and was written way back in 1930 It is unfortunate that this work has not found a wider audience though it has had a deep influence on many of SF s luminaries including Arthur C Clarke who indicated that this book and its later successor Star Maker were the two most influential books he had ever read In my mind it is one of the most imaginative early SF classics ever written just as important as the works of HG WellsHe touches on so many themes that still resonate today particularly mankind s potential for both great achievements and selfish cruelty for deep insight and self delusion And Stapledon tells you the story of the human race starting now and ending with its demise well over a billion years in the future People change in all sorts of unexpected ways during some periods they have godlike intelligence during others they aren t even sentient any The book has obvious flaws but there s just nothing else like it Some of the images are impossible to forgetDespite the fact that it s not very well nown none of my 115 GR friends have it on their shelves an impressive collection of famous people give him a thumbs up Doris Lessing in particular has said than once that she was deeply affected by it Other fans include SF writers Arthur C Clarke and Brian Aldiss and the evolutionary biologist John Maynard Smith Last and First Men has been a uniue experience It teaches and entertains not by presenting the reader with facts but by serving him and her with a broad range of possibilities that don t only open the eyes but also the mindOn a basic level the experience was very pleasant because of the imaginative power of Olaf Stapledon His imagination is second to none The images he conjures up provided me with the biggest spectacle I ve ever seen and that I can hope to see in the future A single paragraph sometimes contains wealth than the complete oeuvres of our most celebrated authors To an author this book must read like a succession of story settings and it s not surprising to see many claim it has been a source of inspiration to their own work And yet while this book is rightly praised for this abundance of imagination and the mind blowing proportion of it this praise falls short of expressing what made Last and First Men such a magnificent read to me A love for life seeps from its pages rooted in common sense but also in the romantic It s a symphony of reason and emotions of smallness and vastness and its conclusion left me enriched happy and deeply movedA fear I have while writing this review is that my admiration for it won t do this book any justice nor any favors That it will imperfectly shape expectations of anyone reading this review that it will put so much emphasis on my experience of it so that it doesn t leave room for you the reader to form an opinion that completely disregards what might be perceived as the opinion of a wide eyed fanatic Or that people not having liked the book will use my possibly emotional arguments against the very thing I hold so dear But I have to take my chances I do want to share it given that at times my heart literally was beating faster while reading and that my eyes could simply not believe what they were reading The fact that this book was writtenpublished in 1930 before even World War II happened adds to the sense of something miraculous having occurred here I repeatedly double checked if this 1930 wasn t in reference to something else a symptom of the lack of belief that characterized my eyes at the time of reading One of the things I liked aside from the bedazzling scope of the author s imagination is the way the fourth wall was broken through the idea that the author himself was but a vessel of communication between a very distant future human life form and the reader The account of all the iterations of mankind s evolution and the richness in detail and nuance make it read like a convincing historical account convincing enough to even entertain the idea proposed by the author that the future speaks to us through these pagesThis leads me to react on two criticisms I have read here repeatedly The first is that the near future predictions were wrong While I guess this is true when it comes to certain details protagonists scientific discoveries and so on I think no justice is done to this book by considering it a historical account of the future a creative exercise in future forecasting It s than that It s than anything I now and categorizing it is a mistake Even science fiction is too narrow a field to contain all that is within this book In any case running your finger along its lines and double checking it with reality is futile and senseless and completely besides the point In fact even in his supposedly wrong predictions of the near future Stapledon touched on some very true traits of human nature In my version of the book the foreword by Gregory Benford actually recommends not reading the first chapters because of their factual errors Please do not follow this man Last and First Men ST FULL ALBUM YouTube Self titled debut album from last and first men Performed by Last and First Men Produced by Last and First Men with Aaron Vaughn Recorded at Illiact First and Last TV series Wikipedia First and Last is an American documentarian non scripted reality television series on NetflixIt is recorded at Gwinnett County Jail a pre trial holding facility in Georgia US with each episode following inmates on their first or last days in jail The criminal justice system in America is also explored throughout the season The full season of First and Last consisting of six last in first out Traduction en franais exemples Traductions en contexte de last in first out en anglais franais avec Reverso Context DFO has determined that last in first out approach is the basis upon which the TAC reductions are calculated and determined; so again forming the scope of this review FIRST NAME LAST NAME Traduction en franais exemples First Name Last Name E mail Address Category Comments Please note that your message may be forwarded to a CENTURY office for response Prnom Nom Courriel Catgorie Veuillez noter ue votre message pourrait tre transfr une agence CENTURY des fins de rponse Search for someone's wish list First Name Last Name Email Create a Wish List Help If you have any uestions please Firstlast aggregate PostgreSL wiki This aggregate function returns the value from the first or last input row in each group ignoring NULL rows NULLs are ignored automatically by How to lookup first and last match | Exceljet How to lookup first and last match One of the confusing aspects of lookup functions in Excel is understanding how to get the first or last match in a set of data with than one match This is because Excel's behavior changes depending on two factors whether you are performing an exact or approximate match and whether data is sorted or not ORACLE BASE FIRSTVALUE and LASTVALUE RANK DENSERANK FIRST and LAST Analytic Functions; LAG and LEAD Analytic Functions; LISTAGG Analystic Function in g Release ; Top N ueries; Setup The examples in this article reuire the following table DROP TABLE emp PURGE; CREATE TABLE emp empno NUMBER CONSTRAINT pkemp PRIMARY KEY ename VARCHAR job VARCHAR mgr NUMBER hiredate DATE sal Serial position effect Wikipedia Serial position effect is the tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best and the middle items worst The term was coined by Hermann Ebbinghaus through studies he pe.

Advice Don t skip anything in this book or at least not anything Stapledon has writtenA second criticism I read is on the way the story is presented There is a lack of a constant character to relate to and the birdseye view or Flying Man s view prevents any bonding between reader and story I can t but disagree First of all the civilisations are presented in a way that is detailed and passionate enough as to allow the reader to feel right at home among them whether they d be on Earth Venus or Neptune Sometimes though rarely Stapledon also zooms in on individuals providing the reader with yet another way of engaging with the millions of characters that are within this book And ultimately I myself couldn t help but feel like a character within it How s that for immersion This story tells the story of humanity so the leap is not that big to makeThis book is deeply philosophical And here we come to the main reason why I don t just like this book but love it It asks life s biggest uestions without falling into the trap of falling on one s nees and shout out an exasperated WHY Rather it s written by someone with a tender yet firm a uestioning yet reassuring voice It s always very collected dispassionate when exploring possibilities when describing the search of so many people the defeats they endure their disappointments and their small victories It s an ode to humanity without forgetting the baseness and evil that sometimes characterizes us And despite the theme it doesn t present humankind as the center of the universe though it does shortly consider the possibility that it is its most beautiful flower This consideration is blissfully left open without a conclusion It s an ode to light despite all the darkness that surrounds it It s an ode to the temporary in an eternal setting It s an ode to the cosmos despite not Ultralearning knowing what the hell it is It s telling me that life is ultimately beautiful despite its insignificance in the vast expanse of time space and possibilities That the universe is a wonderful riddle regardless of whether we can solve it or not That being able to recognize the mystery that surrounds and pervades us is a gift in itself a spark that can take humanity a far way I highly recommend this book to everyone I won t judge you if you don t like it I can t offer the guarantee that you will but I can only say I m very glad I can count myself among those who really do I won t claim this book is an easy read There were days where I didn t feel I had the mental capacity to fully get what was written and move forward But it s a fulfilling read Be patient and give yourself the time to find the right moment to read it I m surprised this book isn t a worldwide timeless success given its scope There s something in there for everyone and it s surprising to me that it s not part of mass culture but this surprise makes me all the grateful that I got the chance to discover it I ll see what I can do in making other people get acuainted with it as well hoping but not expecting them to like it as much as I did Maybe I can start by convincing you I m not gonna lie folks of all the books I ve tackled so far this year Last and First Men has been the toughest challenge to my resolve to only read one book at a time That s not to say it s by any means a bad book it s part of the SF Masterworks Collection for very good reasons It s just that well gripping storytelling it ain tPenned in 1930 by a philosophy professor Last and First Men is heavy on exposition and all but devoid of character dialogue or even plot beyond exploring the nature of the 18 races of man from First 20th Century earthbound Homo sapiens sapiens to Last Neptunian superbeings who live for thousands of years and how their societyept on evolving and devolving and evolving again The text is presented as a sort of lecture series on the history of humanity delivered by a Last Men scholar who doesn t uite sneer at his predecessors and their flaws but doesn t exactly hold them in reverence either Indeed often the prose reads like that of a 19th century natural history text on say social insects albeit very sophisticated onesThe early chapters of the novel are best read by a 21st century sci fi fan as a strange form of alternate history a la say Harry Turtledove in this case our point of departure is not long after Last and First Men s original publication date for nothing like World War II and the Holocaust even remotely figures in this extrapolation Stapledon possessed an acute talent for that but humanity has always been full of surprises One can smile indulgently at how off base he was but to do so is to completely miss why this book is a classic of the genre after all the rest of the 20th century is not even the first tenth of this book and the First Men s story covers thousands of years of struggle sometimes genocidal to form a world government the creation of a scientific religion in which divine energy is the object of worship and the purview of a rigid guild of scientists and the development of a culture of abundance no disease no want a flying car for everybody that values strenuous physicality and flight above all else to the detriment of human intelligence With predictable resultsBut wait Like I said that s not even 25% of the book I ve never read any fiction so ambitious in scope folks The closest I can think of is maybe Stephen Baxter s Evolution but even it just took on the life span of life on planet Earth Last and First Men covers about two thousand million years takes us or a future version or 18 of us to the outer solar system and teems with phrases like Not till many hundred thousand years had passed did It s truly stupefying It s also very very clever to encompass so much time in just 300 pages or so it has to be There s a mathematical progression governing the level of detail and verbiage devoted to each iteration of humanity I suspect though am not really a rigorous enough person to be sure of this that this is an instance of exponential decay At any rate the narrative speeds up considerably once Stapledon has dispensed with our own species the First Men and The Ring Of The Dove keeps on speeding up until eventually a million years can pass in a sentence fragment At one point ten million years pass because it s a time of barbarism and stasis Well okay Mr Stapledon it s your Memorable FancyFor a giant William Blakean Memorable Fancy is what this book is a visionary and somewhat allegorical tale spun out to illustrate the writer s philosophy hopes and fears I would love to see an edition of this book illuminated in the way that Blake did his works It would be an eminently lovely thingAlong the way we get to watch Stapledon toss off a stunning array of concepts and ideas that were uite ahead of his time and the influences of which we can find throughout science fiction the perils of genetic engineering Peak Oil and its aftermath the cyclical natures of high civilization and barbarism aliens that are genuinely and profoundly alien ie not Star Trek humanoids with extra nobbly bits on their faces the fragility ofnowledge the notion that humans can easily evolve back into animals if care is not takenIt s easy in short to see how Last and First Men came to be such a very influential book People talk about how Heinlein originally dashed off all of the sci fi tropes with which we have become so familiar but for a lot of them Stapledon was there firstI wonder what his other novels are likeI didn t use that edition s cover to decorate this post b There s this moment in Douglas Adams The Restaurant at the End of the Universe where to torture a certain character he is put into the Total Perspective Vortex a device that gives him a perfectly accurate glimpse of the entire mind cracking enormousness of the universe and every single thing contained therein including a microscopic pinprick that reads You are here Reading Last and First Men was like being put into the Total Perspective Vortex My brain is currently uite broken Or at the very least my sense of proportion If next time I m expected at a party I show up 200000 years late it ll be entirely Olaf Stapledon s fault for making me think 200000 years is but a trifling moment gone in an eyeblink and no reason to. Rformed on himself and refers to the finding that recall accuracy varies as a function of an item's position within a study list When asked to recall a list of items in any order free recall Select Object MicrosoftPowerShellUtility The Select Object cmdlet selects specified properties of an object or set of objects It can also select uniue objects a specified number of objects or objects in a specified position in an array To select objects from a collection use the First Last Uniue Skip and Index parameters To select object properties use the Property parameter First and Last Frost Dates by Location | The Old See the average first and last frost dates for locations across the US and Canada with our frost dates calculator Simply enter your postal code to see when the last spring frost date and first fall frost date typically occur in your area Knowing local frost dates can improve your gardening by giving you an idea of when to start seeds indoors and outdoors when to First and Last | Netflix Official Site First and Last Season Release year Take an intimate look at the emotionally charged first and last days of new and soon to be released inmates at Georgia's Gwinnett County Jail Take Your Charge m Alex faces pressure not to snitch as he scrambles to make bond Velma and Shantee unpack their troubled pasts and prepare for long awaited freedom Smooth With This Sht m Keith ‘Last and First Men’ Trailer Jhann Jhannsson | ‘Last and First Men’ juxtaposes the seminal speculative science fiction story by Olaf Stapledon a haunting musical score by the late composer and musician Jhan Jhannson and filmed images First FirstN Last and LastN functions Power Apps First and Last return a single record FirstN and LastN return a table even if you specify only a single record When used with a data source these functions can't be delegated Only the first portion of the data source will be retrieved and then the function applied The result may not represent the complete story A warning may appear at authoring time to remind you of this limitation and Paroles et traduction Sisters Of Mercy Firs And Last And First and last and always D'abord et dernier et toujours 'til the end of the end of time Jusu' la fin de la fin des temps First and last and always mine D'abord et dernier et toujours mien Maybe it's a way too easy C'est peut etre trop facile Maybe it's a way too long C'est peut etre trop long Say you'll be by me Dites ue vous serait par moi When the ev.

wikipediaWilliam Olaf Stapledon was a British philosopher and author of several influential works of science fictionStapledon's writings directly influenced Arthur C Clarke Brian Aldiss Stanisław Lem C S Lewis and John Maynard Smith and indirectly influenced many others contributing many ideas to the world of science fiction